PENGARUH DANA ZAKAT PRODUKTIF TERHADAP KEUNTUNGAN USAHA MUSTAHIK PENERIMA ZAKAT
Poverty is an economic problem that we have not solved. There has been an ongoing escalation in the number of poor people in Rantau Prapat in recent years. Zakat, as a Muslim obligation once someone reaches Nisab, has a promising potential to become one of its instruments in overcoming poverty with its method of distribution to empower a productive economy. The number of Muslim residents in Semarang has increased every year. Institutions specializing in zakat management were established with the aim of managing zakat, infaq, alms funds so as to ensure the effectiveness of the distribution of zakat funds. The purpose of this study is to find sources, uses and mechanisms for distributing productive zakat managed by the Amil Zakat Board of RantauPrapat City. It is also the aim of this study to analyze the impact of zakat productive funds on business income, business profits and household expenses of zakat recipient households. In collecting data, this study uses a descriptive method to determine the source, use and distribution mechanism of productive zakat funds regulated by the Amil Zakat Agency of Rantau Prapat City and Paired T-Test to analyze the impact of these funds on mustahik business income, business profits and household expenses. To assess the significance of this impact, a simple regression analysis method was used with the help of the SPSS 17 program.