Pengaruh Self Management Education Terhadap Nilai Kadar Gula Darah Pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Di Rumah Sakit Umum Imelda Pekerja Indonesia
Diabetes mellitus is one of the four main non-communicable diseases that are targeted for follow-up in the world, where the number of cases and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus have increased over the past few decades. Disorders in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins so that blood glucose levels tend to experience an increase caused by damage to the synthesis of pancreatic beta cells or insulin secretion, or the inability of tissues to use insulin. Management of DM, namely education, diet regulation, drug therapy, physical exercise and routine KGD check to prevent complications that improve the quality of life of patients. Effective approaches such as self management education are needed so that people with DM want to routinely undergo management to prevent complications of DM. The aim of the study was to analyze the differences in blood sugar levels of type 2 DM patients before and after self management education. This type of research is a quasi experiment with pretest and posttest design. The research was carried out at the Imelda General Hospital of Indonesian Workers. The samples were all type 2 DM patients who were treated at the Indonesian Workers' Imelda Hospital at 38 people. Data collection tool using glucometers. The test used is the Wilcoxon test. The results showed a difference in the value of blood sugar levels (p <0.05) before and after self management education was given. The conclusion of the study is self management education provides an influence on DM patients to manage DM disease independently which will produce controlled blood sugar levels. It is recommended for patients to apply DM self management with family assistance when at home and health care parties to improve the implementation of self management education for type 2 DM patients so that patient self management is still carried out at home.
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